Brief History of the City of Skopje

 

The city had changed its name four times throughout the centuries, being called Skupi (ancient period- 13 year B.C), Justinijana Prima (5th, 6th century), Skopje (7th century-Slavic influence, Berziti tribe) and Ushkup (14th century- Ottoman Empire). Excavations prove that the city had been inhabited since 3.500 B.C mainly because of its position along the River Vardar.  

Skopje fortress

The biggest city in Macedonia had a turbulent history and it belonged to the Roman Empire, the Tzar Samuil Kingdom, the Byzantine Empire, the Serbian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Yugoslavian Republic. The country got its independence in 1991 with Skopje as its capital city.

Skopje Earthquake

A disastrous event happened in October 1689.  The Austro-Hungarian general Piccolomini burned down the town to ashes. Over 50,000 people died during the 2 days, as long as the fire lasted. The reason for such a decision is disputable up to a present date. Another catastrophic event, which left visible marks in the city, is the massive earthquake in July 1963. The city was destroyed for the second time. Early in the morning, 5:17 o’clock the earthquake hit the city leaving over 200.000 people homeless, over 3000 people were hurt and around 1100 people died.  The old railway station clock still points out the time when the earthquake happened. That was not the first earthquake that ruined the city. Another one in 1555 destroyed the richest city in the Balkans. The first know devastating earthquake happened In 518, as was written in the chronicles of Comes Marcelinius, the town was completely destroyed in just a few moments together with 24 other towns, the whole country.

Skopje Old Railway station

Some of the people associated with the city’s history are the Emperor Justinianis, the Kind Dushan and Karpos.  The Emperor Justinianus I (5th, 6th century) was born in Taoresium (the village Taor, 20 km from Skopje). In 1346, the Serbian King Dushan was crowned in Skopje. In 1689, Petar Karposh led the people on rebellion.  He was stranded, murdered on the Stone Bridge and then thrown into the river.

Skopje center

The city has sights that belonged to different ages witnessing the history, the terror, the constant change of authority, the natural beauty and what the city survived during the two World Wars. It is a place where cultures converge creating a town where at every corner there is a story to be told.

Skopje

Old Town

Latest articles

Strumica Open Festival
The Monastery of Saint Naum - Ohrid
Spring Wine Festival
Ramstore Mall
How to get to Macedonia by train
How to get to Macedonia by bus
How to get to Macedonia by airplane
Skiing in Macedonia

Other things to read

Kajmakcalan – the Heroic Place where Nature and its Beauty blend with the Tragic Past

Kajmakcalan – the Heroic Place where Nature and its Beauty blend with the Tragic Past

By Katina | March , 19th, 2015
Mount Nidze is located on the southernmost part of Macedonia, on the Macedonian-Greek border. Its highest peak is Kajmakchalan, 2521 meters above the sea level. This is t...
Read More >
St. Andrew Church - Matka, Skopje

St. Andrew Church - Matka, Skopje

By Katina | March , 18th, 2015
This church dates from the 14th century. Tracing back the past it was proven to be quite difficult to built it because of its position, nested along the ca...
Read More >
Prehistoric Museum on Water at the Bay of Bones - Ohrid

Prehistoric Museum on Water at the Bay of Bones - Ohrid

By Katina | March , 15th, 2015
The Museum on Water is located on the eastern coast of Lake Ohrid near the auto camp Gradishte, the Bay of the Bones. From the city of Ohrid the Museum is around 14 ...
Read More >

Back to Top