The Republic of Macedonia is located in the southeastern part of Europe, central area of the Balkan Peninsula. It is a landlocked country with different geographical landscape varying from high mountains, rivers and valleys. However, centuries ago Macedonia was the crossroad where many roads and routes connected Europe with Asia and Africa. Today, the infrastructure is even more developed and Macedonia is the main junction at the southern part of Europe. Macedonia is bordered by Bulgaria to the East, Albania to the West, Serbia to the North, Kosovo to the Northwest and Greece to the South.
Depending on the choice of transportation detailed information are provided below.
Macedonia has 15 international border crossing points. When traveling by car make sure you have all the documents needed.
- Green Card (International Insurance Card for the vehicle)
- Valid International Driving License
- Original documents from the vehicle and registration document. In case you had rented a car make sure you have the original documents otherwise, you might not be allowed to enter the country.
Keep in mind that beside the original travel document for the vehicle you need to have a valid passport, which must be valid for more than three months after you return to your home country.
Depending from which direction you are traveling to Macedonia, following are listed all the possible border crossing points.
The most common travel route to and through Macedonia is the International Highway E-75, which is coming from Serbia, intersecting Macedonia and continuing to Greece.
ROAD BORDER CROSSING POINTS
International border crossing points with Bulgaria
- Deve Bair (Kriva Palanka)
- Delcevo (Delcevo)
- Novo Selo (Strumica)
International border crossing points with Albania
- Kjafasan (Struga)
- Sveti Naum (Ohrid)
- Stenje (Resen)
- Blato (Debar)
International border crossing points with Serbia
- Tabanovce (Kumanovo)
- Pelince (Kumanovo)
- Sopot (Kumanovo)
International border crossing points with Kosovo
- Blace (Skopje)
- Jazince (Tetovo)
International border crossing points with Greece
- Dojran (Star Dojran)
- Medzitlija (Bitola)
- Bogorodica (Gevgelija)
The Republic of Macedonia has two airports. "Alexander the Great" is the main aiport which is located around 20 km from the capitol city, municipality Petrovec-Skopje. In 2014, over 1 million of passengers landed/departed at the airport. Weekly, over 150 flights from different Eruropean cities arrive at the airport. Airlines that operate and have flights from and to Skopje are Fly Dubai, Wizz Air, Pegasus Airlines, Adria Airways, Croatia Airways, Austrian Airways, Air Serbia, Turkish Airlines, Helvetic Airlines, Alitalia, Edelweiss Air, Turkish Airlines, Corendon Airlines and Air Berlin.
From the European cities direct flight are available from Rome, Venice, Milan, Zagreb, Belgrade, Ljubljana, Dortmund, Hamburg, Cologne, Frankfurt, Munich, Dusseldorf, Brussels, Sofia,, Malmo, Gothenburg, Stockholm, Oslo, Paris, Eindhoven, Vienna, Zurich, Basel and London. In addition, direct flight to Macedonia are available from Dubai, Istanbul and Izmir.
From the Airport there is a regular bus line that transfers the passengers from and to the city, Skopje. The price for one way ticket is 150 denars, around 2.5 euros. The transfer is serviced by the company, Vardar Ekspres. The Airport is accessed from the highway Skopje-Belgrade-Thessaloniki.
Another way of traveling to Macedonia is by train. However, regular train services connect Macedonia with Serbia, Kosovo, Greece. The Central Train Station in Skopje is located at the same place as the New Bus Station. Direct Trains connect, Budapest, Ljubljana, Kosovo, Zagreb, Belgrade and Thessaloniki with the capitol city of Macedonia, Skopje. Daily trains connect Belgrade with Skopje and the trip is around 9 hours. If traveling around the Balkan Area, the best way is to buy a Balkan Flexi Pass.
RAILWAY CROSSING POINTS
- Tabanovce (Kumanovo)
- Volkovo (Skopje)
- Bogorodica (Gevgelija)
Depending on the schedule, the departing city, many buses arrive at the New Bus Station in Skopje. However, different operators either stop or continue the journey to other cities such as Ohrid and Strumica. No matter where are you heading to, from Skopje frequent local buses departure to other cities.
Among the domestic operators the most known is Euro Bus which operates from Vienna to Macedonia (4 times per week), from Germany and Switzerland to Macedonia (two times per week). In addition, Durmo Tours has a daily bus line from Tirana (Albania) to Macedonia. The same bus operator runs to and from Venice. Moreover, Makedonija Soobrakaj has daily schedule from Sofia as well from Thessaloniki. Hisar Turism operates daily from Zagreb to Skopje, from Ljubljana to Skopje as well as from Istanbul to Skopje. Busses from Brussels to Macedonia run twice a week as well as busses from Sarajevo to Macedonia. Once a week bus line from Copenhagen is scheduled.
From the international bus operators Eurolines services regular bus lines from Germany. Depending on the departure city buses run from two to four times per week.
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